Public Service Stability Agreement (PSSA)

The latest news on the PSSA is available here.

Last updated: September 2019
Click here for full text of the agreement.

September pay increase under PSSA (published 10.09.2019)

Civil and public servants will see their pay increase by 1.75% from this month. The rise will also go to staff in non-commercial semi-state companies and ‘section 38’ organisations including large voluntary hospitals.

The increase, which takes effect from 1st September, was negotiated by Fórsa and other unions as part of the Public Service Stability Agreement (PSSA).

This is the second pay adjustment to be implemented this year. The pay of public servants who earn who earn less than €30,000 a year went up by 1% in January, while those earning over €30,000 benefited from a reduced contribution to the ‘additional superannuation contribution,’ which replaced the so-called ‘pension levy’ under the PSSA.

There were also two increases – each worth 1% – in 2018. Next year will see a further adjustment to the additional superannuation contribution in January, and a 2% increase is due in October 2020.

The PSSA expires at the end of next year.

The union is currently updating the pay scales on the Fórsa website.


The Public Service Stability Agreement (PSSA) governs pay and related matters (including the former ‘pension levy’) for virtually all civil and public servants, as well as staff in non-commercial semi-state organisations and ‘section 38’ agencies where pay scales follow the public service.

It came into force in January 2018 following its acceptance by a majority of public service unions, including the three unions that later amalgamated to create Fórsa. It runs until 31st December 2020.

By the time the agreement expires, over 90% of civil and public servants will earn as much as, or more than, they did when pay cuts were introduced in 2010 and (for higher earners) in 2013. Almost a quarter (the lowest earners) have been removed entirely from the so-called ‘pension levy,’ which was imposed in 2009. The rest will see reductions in these payments, with the remainder converted into an ‘additional superannuation contribution.’

Summary of income improvements

  • 1st January 2018: 1% pay adjustment
  • 1st October 2018: 1% pay adjustment
  • 1st January 2019: Additional superannuation contribution threshold up from €28,750 to €32,000 (worth €325 a year). 1% pay increase for those who don’t benefit (ie, those earning less than €30,000 a year)
  • 1st September 2019: 1.75% pay adjustment
  • 1st January 2020: Additional superannuation contribution threshold increased to €34,500 (worth €250 a year). 0.5% pay increase for those who don’t benefit (ie, those earning less than €32,000 a year)
  • 1st October 2020: 2% pay adjustment
  • 31st December 2020: Agreement concludes.

A progressive agreement
The PSSA is structured to ensure that lower and middle earners gain relatively more than higher earners, and it will see 73% of civil and public servants gain more than 7% by 2020. Over the lifetime of the deal:

  • The combination of pay and ‘additional superannuation contribution’ adjustments are worth 7.4% to those earning €30,000 a year or less
  • The combination of pay and ‘additional superannuation contributions’ adjustments are worth 7.4% average to those earning between €30,000 and €50,000 a year
  • The combination of pay and ‘additional superannuation contribution’ adjustments are worth 7% to those earning between €50,000 and €55,000 a year
  • The combination of pay and ‘additional superannuation contribution’ adjustments are worth between 6.6% and 6.9% to those earning between €55,000 and €80,000 a year.

Pension levy anomalies resolved
Two outstanding ‘additional superannuation contribution’ (formerly ‘pension levy’) anomalies are being resolved under the PSSA. From January 2019, staff who joined the civil and public service after January 2013, and who are in the single public service pension scheme introduced at that time, pay only two-thirds of the additional contribution rate. This figure will fall to one-third from January 2020. This reflects the fact that the benefits of the single scheme are different to those in the older scheme.

Also, from January 2019 the ‘additional superannuation contribution’ is no longer payable on any non-pensionable elements of civil and public service incomes, including non-pensionable overtime payments.

New entrants
The term ‘new entrants’ refers to people who started work in the civil and public service (and organisations linked to it for pay purposes) after 2011, when inferior pay scales for new staff were imposed by the Government without agreement.

Although those inferior scales (worth 10% less at every point of each scale) were abolished at unions’ insistence under the 2013 Haddington Road agreement, ‘new entrants’ continued to have longer pay scales than their longer-serving colleagues, with two lower pay points at the beginning of each scale. Some grades also saw the abolition of certain allowances for new entrants.

The PSSA established a process involving the Public Service Pay Commission (PSPC) which, following detailed discussions and inputs from Fórsa and other unions, resulted in a solution of the pay scale issue in 2018. This was at least two years earlier than the PSSA originally provided for.

Under these measures, ‘new entrants’ will skip two points – the fourth and eighth – on each pay scale. Fórsa welcomed this outcome because it ensures a fair outcome for ‘new entrants’ regardless of their length of service.

You can get more details here.

Working time
Although there is no general reduction in working hours under the PSSA, the agreement gave staff the option of a permanent return to ‘pre-Haddington Road’ hours on the basis of a pro-rata pay adjustment. Staff were able to opt into this arrangement at the beginning of the agreement (January-April 2018) and can do so for a period after it expires (January-April 2021). The agreement also contains a provision to enable annual leave to be converted into flexitime.

Although these two provisions fall far short of the restoration of additional hours introduced for some civil and public servants under the 2013 Haddington Road agreement, they do give options to staff for whom time is more important than money. They were the best that could be achieved through negotiations.

Recruitment and retention issues
Under the agreement, unions could opt to make submissions to the Public Service Pay Commission (PSPC) on recruitment and retention issues identified in its original 2017 report, which preceded talks that led to the PSSA. Fórsa has made submissions for its grades cited in the report.

The Commission is to analyse the causes of the problems in each specific area and recommend options to deal with them. So far, the Commission has looked at nursing, medical consultants and some military grades.

Outsourcing, agency staffing and related issues
Despite management attempts to water them down substantially, the PSSA retains all the outsourcing protections that unions won in negotiations that led to the earlier Croke Park (2010) and Haddington Road (2013) agreements.

The agreement also requires management to engage with unions with a view to minimising the use of agency staff. And it includes safeguards over the use of internships, clinical placements, work experience, and job activation measures, saying there must be “agreement on protocols” regarding such programmes.

Work-life balance
The PSSA commits management to ensure that work-life balance arrangements (including flexible working) are available to the greatest possible extent across the civil and public service. It says disputes on local and sectoral implementation of work-life balance arrangements can be processed through normal disputes resolution processes. And it says management in each sector must monitor progress on gender balance in career progression.

Starting pay on promotion
The PSSA acknowledges barriers to mobility in the civil and public service and contains a commitment to a review of the current arrangements on starting pay on transfer and promotion.

Productivity measures
The PSSA says productivity measures set out in the 2013 Lansdowne Road agreement continue to apply and can be updated to reflect various renewal policies, which are named in the text. It also requires performance management systems to be introduced in parts of the public service where they aren’t already in place. And it commits the parties to discuss more open recruitment “where this is appropriate to meet organisational needs.”

Industrial action
As with all previous public service agreements, industrial action is ruled out in situations where the employer is abiding by the agreement. The agreement includes a binding process for dealing with problems that arise without recourse to industrial action. These restrictions do not extend to matters not covered by the agreement.

This document is a summary of the main elements of the Public Service Stability Agreement (PSSA). The agreement itself is more comprehensive and, on some issues, contains more detail than is reflected here. Readers are advised to refer to the final text of the full agreement for more information.